Uzbekistan: Parliamentary Elections and Human Rights

Questions and Answers on human rights as Uzbeks go to the polls
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International election observers are concerned that rules governing Uzbekistan’s parliamentary elections on December 22, 2019 do not allow voters a genuine choice of candidates, Human Rights Watch said today in releasing a question and answer document about the elections and human rights in Uzbekistan. The elections are the first since President Shavkat Mirziyoyev came to power in 2016 and are seen by the government as key to the reform process he has initiated.

The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe’s Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (OSCE ODIHR), the most important election monitoring organization in the region, has warned that under Uzbekistan’s revised election code “restrictions on or an absence of guarantees of fundamental freedoms” remain unaddressed. The five registered parties in the election all operate within the political confines defined by the government and no independent or opposition parties have been allowed to participate.

“Uzbekistan has recently introduced important reforms so it’s a missed opportunity that this reform spirit did not extend to these parliamentary elections,” said Hugh Williamson, Europe and Central Asia director at Human Rights Watch. “Tashkent should in future allow independent parties and candidates to run in such elections.”

The question and answer document reviews aspects of the elections from a human rights perspective, including media coverage and the increase in the number of women candidates. It also outlines key human rights developments in the country in recent years, regarding political prisoners, freedom of expression, civil society, forced labor and other issues.

  • The first public protest action in Uzbekistan in defence of women’s rights met with an aggressive reaction from much of society

  • Kazakhstan becomes the first Central Asian nation to struggle with a second wave of COVID-19

  • Demonstrators in Bishkek protest against the draft law “On the manipulation of information”

  • Tashkent sends troops to Russia’s Victory Day Parade for the first time. There they took part alongside their neighbours